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 Abstract & Thesis Samples

                                            APPENDIX B (Sample Abstract)

                                                                             ABSTRACT

                         LEPTIN ACTIVATES ENTERIC NEURONS IN THE RAT SMALL INTESTINE
                                                                                  By
                                                                    Shani Titania Lampley

Leptin is the protein product of the ob gene in white adipose tissue. Leptin is a hormone involved in the regulation of energy balance and food intake through activation of neuronal populations in the arcuate and paraventricular nuclei of the hypothalamus. These nuclei communicate with some satiety centers in the hindbrain, namely the area postrema (AP), nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) and dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV). The NTS and DMV connect with the nervous system of the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), also known as enteric nervous system (ENS), through the vagus nerve. The ENS consists of two main plexuses: myenteric plexus and submucosal plexus, and is responsible for most of the functions in the GI tract e.g., secretion and motility.
Here we investigated activation of AP, NTS, and DMV as well as ENS neurons in the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum of adult, male Sprague-Dawley rats injected with 0.25, 0.5, and 10 mg/kg leptin or vehicle (15 mM HCL and 7.5 mM NaOH, pH 5.2) utilizing the detection of Fos-immunoreactivity in these neurons. Fos is the protein product of the immediate early gene c-fos, which has been used extensively as a marker for neuronal activation.
We confirmed a previously reported finding that intraperitoneal injection of leptin increased Fos-immunoreactivity in the AP, NTS, and the DMV. Also, we found that 0.5 mg/kg leptin increased c-fos expression in the enteric neurons of the duodenum, jejunum and ileum. Thus, we conclude that the ENS and the hindbrain may have a role in activation by leptin.

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                                                       APPENDIX C (SAMPLE TITLE PAGE)

                                                   LEPTIN ACTIVATES ENTERIC NEURONS IN THE RAT SMALL
                                                                                            INTESTINE
                                                                                                    By
                                                                                   Shani Titania Lampley

                                                          A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate Faculty
                                                                             of Tuskegee University
                                                                in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements
                                                                                    of the Degree

                                                                  MASTER OF SCIENCE IN BIOLOGY

                                                                            TUSKEGEE UNIVERSITY
                                                                            Tuskegee, Alabama 36088
                                                                                           May 2008

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                       APPENDIX D (SAMPLE THESIS – DISSERTATION APPROVAL PAGE

 

                                                                 THESIS/DISSERTATION APPROVED BY:

                                                                          ___________________________
                                                                                      Major Professor

                                                                            _________________________
                                                                                      Dean of College

                                                                      __________________________________
                                                                                Dean of Graduate Programs

 

                                                                                                 FOR:

                                                                              ___________________________
                                                                                                 Student

                                                                          _______________________________
                                                                                            Title of Thesis

 

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                      APPENDIX E (SAMPLE TITLE PAGE FOR DOCTORAL DISSERTATION)

                                                                                  Dissertation Title

                                                                                            by

                                                                                   Student's Name

 

                                    A Dissertation Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of Tuskegee University
                                                 in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of

 

                                             DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY IN MATERIALS SCIENCE AND
                                                                                       ENGINEERING

                                                                                TUSKEGEE UNIVERSITY
                                                                                Tuskegee, Alabama 36088
                                                                                             May 2008

                                                                    ==================================


                                                                            DISSERTATION APPROVED BY

                                                                           _____________________________
                                                                                             Major Professor

                                                                       _________________________________
                                                                                            Committee Member

                                                                        _________________________________
                                                                                             Committee Member

                                                                         _________________________________
                                                                                           Committee Member

                                                                        _________________________________
                                                                                           Committee Member

__________________________                                                            ______________________________
Director, PhD Program (MSE)                                                                    Dean, College of Engineering,

                                                                                                                        Architecture and Physical Sciences

 

                                                            _______________________________________
                                                                               Dean of Graduate Programs

                                                                                                   For

                                                                                         Student's Name

                                                                                      Title of Dissertation

 

 

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Georgia 30033-4097 - Telephone 404-679-4501) to award doctoral, professional, master's and bachelor's degrees.